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Genomics of Speciation

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Biological diversity evolves, when populations differentiate and develop into new species. While we do have a fair understanding of the ecological mechanisms of speciation, we know hardly anything about the genetic mechanisms leading to the
emergence of new species. It is still an unanswered question whether the entire genome or only a few genes or genomic regions are involved in the evolution of new species. Advancements in high-throughput DNA sequencing allow new scientific approaches and thus new insights that were not imaginable before. Today we can study non-model organisms and thus gain a much broader and potentially deeper understanding of evolution.