The library of the Museum für Naturkunde is one of the most important reference library of zoology in the German-speaking countries. It stocks literature from as early as from the 15th century. It furthermore focuses on the collection of literature in the fields of palaeontology, mineralogy and geology. The libraries are part of the Science Program "Digital World and Information Science".
The Historical Research department comprises an extensive collection of historical documents, publications, pictures and biological models. It is a unique source for the history of the museum and the history of the scientific disciplines practised here. The collection contains a number of historical letters, collection lists, scientific sketches as well as documentation of expeditions. The Historical Research department is part of the Science Program "Public Engagement with Science".