The Fossil Bird Collection comprises skeletal remains from the Upper Jurassic to the Pleistocene period. There are overall approximately 3,000 skeletal remains, including 11 types and 250 originals.
The best-preserved specimen of the famous ancestor of birds Archaeopteryx lithographica was found in the Upper Jurassic limestones of Eichstätt in Bavaria with its counter-slab and was added to the Palaeontology Collection in 1880. Further important items are the remains of Hesperornithiformes, bird fossils from the Palaeogene of Quercy and the Miocene of Sansan in France, the Pleistocene of Cuba and the skeletons of two subfossil moas (Dinornis, Emeus) from New Zealand. In addition to these significant finds, the fossil bird collection has particular value for the European region for documentation, comparison and reference.
The collection of fossil birds has been sorted systematically. It is a dry collection, containing mainly fossilised bones and a few subfossil bones.